Flora of China
  FOC Vol.11 (2008)              | Family List  Zygophyllaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   9. Zygophyllaceae  R. Brown
蒺藜科   ji li ke
Authors:Liu Yingxin (刘媖心 Liou Yingxin, Liu Ying-hsin); Lihua Zhou (周丽华)


Shrubs, shrublets, or perennial herbs, rarely annuals. Stipules distinct or connate, often persistent. Leaves opposite or sometimes alternate, simple or pinnate, often fleshy. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, solitary, racemose, or cymose. Flower bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Sepals 4 or 5, imbricate or valvate. Petals 4 or 5, imbricate or valvate. Stamens 4 or 5 or up to 3 × as many as petals, with or without appendages. Ovary usually (2 or)3-5(-12)-locular. Fruit a drupe, capsule, or schizocarp, leathery or fragile.

Twenty-six genera and ca. 284 species: temperate, tropical, and subtropical areas of Africa, America, Asia, Australia, and Europe; three genera (one endemic) and 22 species (three endemic) in China.

Liou Yingxin. 1998. Zygophyllaceae (excluding Nitraria and Peganum). In: Xu Langran & Huang Chengchiu, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 43(1): 116-145.

1Fruit a capsule.1  Zygophyllum    霸王属
+Fruit a schizocarp(2)
2(1)Schizocarp with 5 carpels; sepals and petals 5; stamens 5, base with glands.2  Tribulus    蒺藜属
+Schizocarp with 4 carpels; sepals and petals 4; stamens 8, base with membranous appendages.3  Tetraena    四合木属
   Lower Taxon
  • Tetraena  Maximowicz  四合木属
  • Tribulus  Linnaeus  蒺藜属
  • Zygophyllum  Linnaeus  霸王属