Flora of China
  FOC Vol.15 (1996)              | Family List  Sapotaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   Sapotaceae  A. L. Jussieu
山榄科   shan lan ke
Authors:Li Shu-gang; T. D. Pennington


Trees or shrubs, usually producing latex. Leaves spirally arranged or alternate and distichous, rarely ± opposite, sometimes crowded at apex of branchlets; stipules early deciduous or absent; leaf blade papery or leathery, margin entire. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, usually in sessile axillary clusters, rarely solitary; cluster pedunculate or in raceme-like inflorescence, bracteolate. Calyx a single whorl of usually 4--6 sepals, or 2 whorls each with 2--4 sepals. Corolla lobes as many to 2 X as many as sepals, usually entire, rarely with 2 lacerate or lobular appendages. Stamens inserted at corolla base or at throat of corolla tube, as many as and opposite corolla lobes to many and in 2 or 3 whorls; staminodes when present alternate with stamens, scaly to petal-like. Ovary superior, 4- or 5-locular, placentation axillary; ovules 1 per locule, anatropous. Style 1, often apically lobed. Fruit a berry or drupe, 1- to many-seeded. Seed coat brown (pale yellow in Pouteria annamensis), hard, shiny, rich in tannin; endosperm usually oily; seed scar lateral and linear to oblong or basal and round.

About 1100 species and 53 genera: pantropical; 11 genera and 24 species (six endemic) in China.

Li Shu-gang (as Lee Shu-kang). 1987. Sapotaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 60(1): 47-83.

1Sepals usually 4 or 6 in 2 whorls.(2)
+Sepals 4 or 5 in 1 whorl.(4)
2(1)Sepals usually 41  Madhuca    紫荆木属
+Sepals usually 6.(3)
3(2)Corolla appendages present; stamens 6; staminodes present2  Manilkara    铁线子属
+Corolla appendages absent; stamens 12--18; staminodes absent3  Palaquium    胶木属
4(1)Corolla appendages present4  Eberhardtia    梭子果属
+Corolla appendages absent.(5)
5(4)Staminodes absent.(6)
+Staminodes present.(7)
6(5)Stamens 5--10; stipules absent5  Chrysophyllum    金叶树属
+Stamens 16--18; stipules present6  Diploknema    藏榄属
7(5)Filaments with a cluster of villous hairs on both sides, rarely at only one side, at base; staminodes awned; plant usually spinous7  Xantolis    刺榄属
+Filaments without hairs; staminodes not awned; plant not spinous.(8)
8(7)Seed scar lateral.(9)
+Seed scar basal.(10)
9(8)Fruit 2.5--4.5 cm; seed scar oblong or ovate8  Pouteria    桃榄属
+Fruit less than 2.5 cm; seed scar narrow9  Planchonella    山榄属
10(8)Leaves spirally arranged, not stipulate; ovary 5-locular; berry ovoid or globose, pericarp thick10  Sinosideroxylon    铁榄属
+Leaves opposite or subopposite, stipulate; ovary 1- or 2-locular; fruit drupelike, ellipsoid, pericarp very thin11  Sarcosperma    肉实树属
   List of lower taxa