Flora of China
  FOC Vol.15 (1996)              | Family List  Plumbaginaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   Plumbaginaceae  A. L. Jussieu
白花丹科   bai hua dan ke
Authors:Peng Ze-xiang; Rudolf V. Kamelin

  • Herbarium, Department of Biology, Lanzhou University, Tianshui Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, People’s Republic of China.
  • Herbarium, V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prof. Popov Street 2, St. Petersburg 197376, Russia.


    Shrublets, shrubs, or herbs. Stems striate or reduced to a caudex. Leaves simple, alternate or basal, sessile or petiolate but petiole usually indistinct from blade; stipules absent; leaf blade entire or rarely pinnately lobed, with chalk glands on both surfaces. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, unbranched or branched, spicate, spicate-racemose, subcapitate, capitate, or paniculate, arranged into complanate spikes if branched, all composed of 1--10 or more cymules or helicoid cymes; cymules or helicoid cymes usually known as spikelets, 1--5-flowered; bracts 1 at base of each spikelet; bractlets 1 or 2 at base of each flower. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, sessile or very shortly pedicellate. Calyx persistent, hypogynous, tubular to funnelform, 5-ribbed, 5-lobed. Corolla hypogynous, petals connate but sometimes only at base, lobes or segments 5 and twisted. Stamens opposite corolla lobes, hypogynous or inserted at corolla base; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing longitudinally. Pistil 1. Ovary superior, 1-locular. Styles 5, free or connate. Stigmas 5. Ovule 1, pendulous from a basal funicle. Capsules usually enclosed within calyx. Seeds 1 per capsule; embryo straight, surrounded by thin starchy endosperm.

    About 25 genera and 440 species: worldwide, main diversity in C Asia and Mediterranean region; seven genera and 46 species (11 endemic) in China.

    Armeria labradorica Wallroth subsp. sibirica (Turcznaninow) Kamelin is expected to be found in Altay Shan near the border with Mongolia and/or Russia.

    Peng Ze-xiang (as Peng Tse-hsiang) in Li Shu-gang (as Lee Shu-kang), ed. 1987. Plumbaginaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 60(1): 1-47.

    1Styles connate, 5-branched; stigmas on inner surface of style branches; calyx herbaceous or membranous only between ribs, never scarious, without inflated or expanded limb; corolla with long tube.(2)
    +Styles 5; stigmas terminal, depressed capitate or terete; calyx limb scarious, inflated or expanded; corolla with petals connate only at base.(4)
    2(1)Calyx lacking glands3  Ceratostigma    蓝雪花属
    +Calyx with conspicuous stalked glands.(3)
    3(2)Calyx 7.5--13 mm; both tube and lobes of calyx with glands; corolla salverform, limb rotate1  Plumbago    白花丹属
    +Calyx 4--4.5 mm; only lobes of calyx with glands; corolla narrowly campanulate, lobes erect2  Plumbagella    鸡娃草属
    4(1)Shrublets pulvinate, usually thorny; leaves alternate, crowded, linear, sometimes spinescent, persisting when withered4  Acantholimon    彩花属
    +Herbs, or not thorny shrublets; leaves basal or in a rosette at apex of a caudex, rarely alternate, usually deciduous.(5)
    5(4)Styles with terete or filiform stigmas7  Limonium    补血草属
    +Styles with capitate stigmas.(6)
    6(5)Styles slightly verrucose at base; calyx subtubular, limb narrowly campanulate; ovary apex gradually attenuate; leaf blade margin undulate5  Ikonnikovia    伊犁花属
    +Styles with long papillae at base; calyx funnelform, limb expanded; ovary apex abruptly contracted; leaf blade margin flat or nearly so6  Goniolimon    驼舌草属
       Lower Taxon
  • Acantholimon  Boissier  彩花属
  • Ceratostigma  Bunge  蓝雪花属
  • Goniolimon  Boissier  驼舌草属
  • Ikonnikovia  Linczevski  伊犁花属
  • Limonium  Miller  补血草属
  • Plumbagella  Spach  鸡娃草属
  • Plumbago  Linnaeus  白花丹属