Flora of China
  FOC Vol.2-3 (2013)              | Family List  Onocleaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   29. Onocleaceae  
球子蕨科   qiu zi jue ke
Authors:Authors: Prof. Fuwu Xing, Wang Faguo & Masahiro Kato


Plants terrestrial. Rhizome robust and short, erect or creeping, dictyostelic, covered with ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate scales. Fronds tufted or distant, dimorphic. Sterile lamina pinnatifid to bipinnatifid, green, deltoid-ovate, elliptic-lanceolate, or oblanceolate, papery or thinly papery; pinnae alternate, sessile or adnate, linear-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, undulate or pinnatifid; pinnules hemielliptic-oblong, entire or subserrate with few teeth; veins free, pinnate or anastomosing, without included veinlets. Fertile lamina pinnate or bipinnate, elliptic to linear; pinnae or pinnules much inrolled, dull purple to dark brown, cylindric or globose; veins free, pinnate or furcate. Sori orbicular, indusiate or exindusiate; sporangia long stalked, annulus a longitudinal row consisting of 36-40 thick-walled cells; spores monolete, with perispore transparent, membranous, with a few folds.

Four genera and five species: temperate zone of the N Hemisphere and Mexico; three genera and four species in China.

The following taxon is excluded from the present treatment, pending further research: Struthiopteris cavaleriana Christ (Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 13: 118. 1904; Matteuccia cavaleriana (Christ) C. Christensen), type from China (“entre Pin-fa et Tou-Yunn”).

Wu Shiew-hung. 1999. Onocleaceae. In: Wu Shiew-hung, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 4(2): 157-165.

1Rhizome long creeping; veins in sterile lamina anastomosing; fertile pinnae moniliform.1  Onoclea    球子蕨属
+Rhizome short, erect or creeping; veins in sterile lamina free; fertile pinnae cylindric(2)
2(1)Stipe and rachis deeply grooved adaxially, sterile lamina elliptic-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, with markedly narrowed base; sori indusiate.2  Matteuccia    荚果蕨属
+Stipe and rachis not grooved adaxially, sterile lamina ovate-deltoid or elliptic, with slightly narrowed base; sori indusiate or exindusiate.3  Pentarhizidium    东方荚果蕨属
   Lower Taxon
  • Matteuccia  Todaro  荚果蕨属
  • Onoclea  Linnaeus  球子蕨属
  • Pentarhizidium  Hayata  东方荚果蕨属