Flora of China
  FOC Vol.24 (2000)              | Family List  Musaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   17. Musaceae  A. L. Jussieu
芭蕉科   ba jiao ke
Authors:Wu Delin (吴德邻 Wu Te-lin); W. John Kress


Herbs perennial or monocarpic, growing from sympodial rhizomes or a massive, sympodial corm. Pseudostems composed of closely packed leaf sheaths. Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; leaf blade entire, pinnately veined. Inflorescence terminal or rarely axillary, cymose. Bracts spirally arranged, often brilliantly colored, spathelike, large. Flowers bisexual or unisexual by abortion, zygomorphic. Perianth in 2 whorls; 3 outer tepals and 2 inner ones united into a compound tepal; third inner tepal free. Stamens 5, free; anthers 2-loculed. Pistil 1; ovary inferior, 3-loculed; ovules numerous per locule, anatropous; placentation axile. Style simple or capitate. Fruit a berry, fleshy or leathery and dry, indehiscent. Seeds hard, not arillate; embryo straight, surrounded by a ± well-developed endosperm and a mealy perisperm.

Three genera and ca. 40 species: tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia; three genera (one endemic) and 14 species (four endemic, three introduced) in China.

Li Hsi-wen. 1981. Musaceae subfam. Musoideae. In: Wu Te-lin, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 16(2): 1--14.

1Herbs monocarpic, 1-stemmed; pseudostem often swollen at base; bracts green; seeds usually more than (5--)10 mm in diam.1  Ensete    象腿蕉属
+Herbs perennial, tufted; pseudostems not swollen at base; bracts variously colored; seeds usually less than 7 mm in diam.(2)
2(1)Pseudostems less than 60 cm; inflorescence terminal, or axillary near base of pseudostem, conical, dense; bracts yellow to yellow-orange; bracts and flowers persistent2  Musella    地涌金莲属
+Pseudostems more than 60 cm; inflorescence terminal, not conical, lax; bracts green, brown, dull purple, or rarely yellow; bracts and flowers usually deciduous3  Musa    芭蕉属
   Lower Taxon
  • Ensete  Horaninow  象腿蕉属
  • Musa  Linnaeus  芭蕉属
  • Musella  (Franchet) C. Y. Wu ex H. W. Li  地涌金莲属