Flora of China
  FOC Vol.11 (2008)              | Family List  Meliaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   15. Meliaceae  A. L. Jussieu
楝科   lian ke
Authors:Peng Hua (彭华); David J. Mabberley, Caroline M. Pannell, Jennifer Edmonds, Bruce Bartholomew


Trees, shrubs, or sometimes shrublets, monopodial or sympodial, usually dioecious, less often monoecious or polygamo- dioecious. Stipules absent. Leaves in spirals, very rarely opposite, usually pinnate; leaflets opposite, subopposite, or alternate; leaflet blades with base somewhat oblique, margin usually entire or rarely lobed or serrate. Flowers usually in axillary thyrses, rarely racemose or spicate. Calyx small, 3-6-lobed or with distinct sepals, usually cup-shaped or tubular, imbricate or valvate in bud. Corolla contorted or imbricate, sometimes quincuncial. Petals (3 or)4 or 5(or 6), rarely more, distinct or connate, sometimes adnate to staminal tube and then valvate. Stamens 3-10 or more, hypogynous, mostly with a staminal tube (distinct stamens in Cedrela and Toona); anthers usually sessile on stamen tube, erect, included or exserted, 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscing. Disk tubular, annular, obsolete, or absent, free or adnate to ovary. Ovary usually free, 2-5(or more)-locular, with 1 to many collateral or superposed ovules per locule; style single or rarely absent; stigma disciform or capitate. Fruit a berry (dry but indehiscent with arillate seeds in some Aglaia sect. Aglaia), capsule, or rarely a drupe. Seeds winged or with a fleshy aril or sarcotesta wholly or partly covering seed; endosperm fleshy or usually absent.

About 50 genera and 650 species: tropical, subtropical, and occasionally warm temperate regions of both hemispheres; 17 genera (three introduced) and 40 species (two endemic, three introduced) in China.

Chen Pangyu. 1997. Meliaceae. In: Chen Shukun, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 43(3): 34-104.

1Fruit a capsule with winged seeds(2)
+Fruit a drupe or berry or with fibrous indehiscent pericarp and arillate seed or seeds, sometimes a capsule but seeds not winged(6)
2(1)Filaments distinct; disk shortly columnar or cylindric(3)
+Filaments connate into a staminal tube; disk cup-shaped, shallowly cup-shaped, or absent(4)
3(2)Disk shortly columnar, shorter than ovary; seeds winged at both ends or only at apical end.1  Toona    香椿属
+Disk cylindric, taller than ovary; seeds winged only at basal end.2  Cedrela    洋椿属
4(2)Anthers inserted on apical margin of staminal tube, exserted.5  Chukrasia    麻楝属
+Anthers inserted inside staminal tube, included(5)
5(4)Capsule septicidal from base when mature; seeds with long and broad wing at apex.3  Swietenia    桃花心木属
+Capsule 4- or 5-valvate from apex when mature; seeds with round membranous wing.4  Khaya    非洲楝属
6(1)Leaves simple or with at most 3 leaflets(7)
+Leaves pinnate, with more than 3 leaflets(9)
7(6)Disk absent.11  Aglaia    米仔兰属
+Disk present(8)
8(7)Disk annular or obsolete, ca. 1 mm high, surrounding only base of ovary; trees or shrubs more than 1 m tall.6  Turraea    杜楝属
+Disk tubular, completely surrounding ovary; shrublets, usually less than 50 cm tall.7  Munronia    地黄连属
9(6)Shrublets usually less than 50 cm tall.7  Munronia    地黄连属
+Trees or shrubs(10)
10(9)Filaments distinct or connate into a tube to half their length(11)
+Filaments completely or almost completely connate into a tube(13)
11(10)Filaments connate only at base; ovary usually 5-locular; fruit a drupe.8  Cipadessa    浆果楝属
+Filaments connate for ± basal half into a staminal tube; ovary 2- or 3-locular; fruit a berry, capsule, or drupe(12)
12(11)Fruit a berry [rarely a capsule].9  Walsura    割舌树属
+Fruit a capsule, dehiscing into 2 segments.10  Heynea    鹧鸪花属
13(10)Ovary with 4-8 distichous superposed ovules per locule.17  Xylocarpus    木果楝属
+Ovary with 1 or 2 ovules per locule(14)
14(13)Staminal tube cylindric; style elongate(15)
+Staminal tube subglobose, globose, urceolate, campanulate, or ovoid; style very short or absent(17)
15(14)Disk tubular, as long or longer than ovary.14  Dysoxylum    木属
+Disk annular, shallowly cup-shaped, or absent(16)
16(15)Leaves pinnate; leaflet blades with margin entire.15  Chisocheton    溪桫属
+Leaves bipinnate; leaflet blades with margin dentate, crenate, or rarely entire.16  Melia    楝属
17(14)Fruit indehiscent with fibrous pericarp and arillate seeds(18)
+Fruit a capsule(19)
18(17)Anthers usually 5 or 6(-10), in 1 whorl.11  Aglaia    米仔兰属
+Anthers 10, in 2 whorls.12  Reinwardtiodendron    雷楝属
19(17)Flowers in thyrses; young leaves usually covered with stellate trichomes or peltate scalelike trichomes.11  Aglaia    米仔兰属
+Male flowers in thyrses, female flowers or bisexual flowers in spikes; young leaves not covered with trichomes.13  Aphanamixis    山楝属
   List of lower taxa