Flora of China
  FOC Vol.15 (1996)              | Family List  Loganiaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   Loganiaceae  R. Brown ex C. Martius
马钱科   ma qian ke
Authors:Li Ping-tao; Antony J. M. Leewenberg


Trees, shrubs, woody climbers, or herbs, sometimes epiphytic, sometimes with axillary spines or tendrils. Leaves opposite, occasionally alternate, rarely verticillate, fasciculate, or in a whorl; stipules usually present, often reduced to lines connecting petiole bases, sometimes reduced to petiolar ocrea or a connate leaf-sheath; leaf blade usually entire, pinnately veined or 3--7-veined from base. Flowers in cymes, these often grouped into thyrses; cymes sometimes umbel-like, scorpioid or reduced to a single flower; bracts usually small. Flowers usually bisexual. Calyx 4- or 5-lobed; lobes free or connate, mostly persistent, imbricate or valvate. Corolla sympetalous; lobes 4 or 5(--16), valvate, imbricate or contorted in bud. Stamens inserted on corolla, included to exserted, equal in number to corolla lobes and alternating with them or sometimes fewer; filaments free, much shorter to much longer than anthers; anthers basifixed, 2--4-locular, dehiscing introrsely or extrorsely by longitudinal slits, base slightly to deeply parted. Disc ring-shaped or not. Ovary superior or rarely semi-inferior, (1- or)2(--4)-locular, placentation axillary or parietal; ovules 1 to many per locule. Style simple, terminal, persistent or deciduous; stigma usually capitate, entire or shortly 2--4-cleft. Fruit a capsule, berry, or drupe, 1- to many-seeded. Seeds sometimes winged; endosperm fleshy or horny; embryo minute, straight; cotyledons small.

Some 29 genera and about 500 species: mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, absent from Europe; eight genera and 45 species (ten endemic) in China.

Li Ping-tao in Chang Mei-chen & Qiu Lian-qing, eds. 1992. Loganiaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 61: 223-309.

1Herbaceous, annual or perennial.(2)
+Woody, shrubs, trees, or climbers.(3)
2(1)Flowers 5-merous; internodes of inflorescence shorter than flowers, sometimes elongating after anthesis and then slightly longer than fruits1  Mitreola    度量草属
+Flowers 4-merous; internodes of inflorescence much longer than flowers or inflorescence 1-flowered2  Mitrasacme    尖帽花属
3(1)Leaf blade with 1--3 pairs of distinct longitudinal secondary veins from or near base and curved along margin; if lianas then with axillary, simple, or double curled tendrils, sometimes with axillary thorns4  Strychnos    马钱子属
+Leaf blade without 1--3 pairs of distinct longitudinal secondary veins from or near base; tendrils and thorns absent.(4)
4(3)Flowers 5.5--6.5 cm; leaf blade fleshy to leathery, veins often inconspicuous8  Fagraea    灰莉属
+Flowers less than 3 cm; leaf blade papery or leathery, veins mostly conspicuous.(5)
5(4)Aestivation valvate; corolla rotate; fruit baccate5  Gardneria    蓬莱葛属
+Aestivation imbricate; corolla funnelform or salverform; fruit capsular (Buddleja madagascariensis is baccate).(6)
6(5)Sepals connate; flowers 4-merous; leaf blade margin often serrate7  Buddleia
+Sepals free or nearly so; flowers 5-merous; leaf blade margin entire.(7)
7(6)Inflorescences axillary; corolla 2--5 mm3  Geniostoma    髯管花
+Inflorescences terminal; corolla 12--19 mm6  Gelsemium    断肠草属
   Lower Taxon
  • Fagraea  Thunberg  灰莉属
  • Gardneria  Wallich  蓬莱葛属
  • Gelsemium  Jussieu  断肠草属
  • Geniostoma  J. R. Forster & G. Forster  髯管花
  • Mitrasacme  Labillardière  尖帽花属
  • Mitreola  Linnaeus  度量草属
  • Strychnos  Linnaeus  马钱子属
  • Buddleja  Linnaeus  醉鱼草属