Flora of China
  FOC Vol.2-3 (2013)              | Family List  Gleicheniaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   11. Gleicheniaceae  
里白科   li bai ke
Authors:Authors: Jin Xiaofeng, Bingyang Ding & Kunio Iwatsuki


Plants terrestrial, often forming thickets. Rhizomes long creeping, protostelic, with scales or multicellular hairs. Fronds monomorphic, evergreen, erect, scrambling, or climbing, vernation circinate; stipe not articulate, distant, cylindrical, apex forked, with dormant bud; apical bud covered with hairs or scales; rachis simple to several times pseudodichotomously branched [or pinnate], with stellate hairs and/or ciliate scales when young, these persistent or glabrescent; pinnules pectinately pinnatisect; lobes elliptic or lanceolate, apex obtuse or acute; veins free, forked; lamina papery or subleathery, frequently glaucous abaxially. Sori in 1(-3) lines on both sides of lobe costules, orbicular, exindusiate; sporangia 2-10[-16], sessile, turbinate, with a mid-transverse annulus; spores tetrahedral or reniform, without perispore, smooth.

Three to five genera depending on concepts of authors and over 150 species: tropical and subtropical areas; three genera and 15 species (six endemic) in China.

Most species in the Gleicheniaceae are characteristic of very mineral-poor soils.

Ching Ren-chang, Fu Shu-hsia, Wang Chu-hao & Shing Gung-hsia. 1959. Gleicheniaceae. In: Ching Ren-chang, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 2: 116-132, 346-350.

1Veins 2- or 3-forked with (3 or )4-6 veinlets in each group; rhizome with hairs only; fronds dichotomously divided with a pair of lateral pinnules at most dichotomies; sporangia 5-18 per sorus.1  Dicranopteris    芒萁属
+Veins 1-forked with 2 veinlets in each group; rhizome with scales; fronds without lateral pinnules at dichotomies; sporangia 2-5(or 6) per sorus(2)
2(1)Rachis undivided, producing successive pairs of 2- or 3-pinnatifid pinnae; penultimate axes of frond without lamina; spores tetrahedral.2  Diplopterygium    里白属
+Rachis pseudodichotomous; penultimate (and often lower) axes with well-developed lamina; spores ellipsoid.3  Sticherus    假芒萁属
   Lower Taxon
  • Dicranopteris  Bernhardi  芒萁属
  • Diplopterygium  (Diels) Nakai  里白属
  • Sticherus  C. Presl  假芒萁属