Flora of China
  FOC Vol.11 (2008)              | Family List  Geraniaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   2. Geraniaceae  A. L. Jussieu
牻牛儿苗科   mang niu er miao ke
Authors:Xu Langran (徐朗然 Xu Lang-rang); Carlos Aedo


Herbs, annual or perennial [rarely shrublets or shrubs]. Stipules present. Leaves alternate or opposite, palmately or pinnately divided, petiolate. Flowers in cymes, pseudoumbels, rarely flowers solitary, usually bisexual, actinomorphic, or ± zygomorphic. Sepals 5, usually distinct, imbricate. Petals usually 5, distinct. Fertile stamens 5 or 10, usually in 2 whorls, sometimes a whorl reduced to staminodes; filaments basally connate or distinct; anthers 2-locular, longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary superior; carpels 5, connate; ovules 1 or 2 per locule, pendulous, anatropous. Fruit a schizocarp with 5 1-seeded awned mericarps which separate elastically from a central beak. Seeds usually with little or no endosperm; embryo folded.

Six genera and ca. 780 species: widely distributed in temperate, subtropic, and tropical mountains; two genera and 54 species (18 endemic, three introduced) in China.

Pelargonium, including P. ×domesticum Bailey, P. ×graveolens L’Héritier, P. ×hortorum Bailey, P. peltatum (Linnaeus) L’Héritier, P. radens H. E. Moore (P. radula (Cavanilles) L’Héritier), and P. zonale (Linnaeus) L’Héritier, treated in FRPS (43(1): 83-86. 1998), are only cultivated as garden and potted plants in China and so are not treated here.

Xu Langran, Huang Chengchiu & Huang Baoxian. 1998. Geraniaceae (excluding Biebersteinia). In: Xu Langran & Huang Chengchiu, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 43(1): 18-89.

1Fertile stamens 10 (5 in G. pusillum); leaves palmately divided.1  Geranium    老鹳草属
+Fertile stamens 5; leaves pinnately divided.2  Erodium    牻牛儿苗属
   Lower Taxon
  • Erodium  L’Héritier ex Aiton  牻牛儿苗属
  • Geranium  Linnaeus  老鹳草属