Flora of China
  FOC Vol.19 (2011)              | Family List  Campanulaceae  PDF Asyneuma  PDF   | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   14. Asyneuma  Grisebach & Schenk Arch. Naturgesch. 18: 335. 1852.
牧根草属   mu gen cao shu
Authors:Authors: Deyuan Hong & Thomas G. Lammers

Phyteuma Linnaeus sect. Podanthum G. Don; Podanthum (G. Don) Boissier, nom. superfl.; Trachanthelium Kitaibel ex Schur.


Herbs, perennial. Roots carrot-shaped. Leaves alternate. Inflorescence elongate, spikelike or racemelike, comprising several axillary cymes, each composed of (1 or)2-4 flowers and subtended by a bract; pedicels short, with a pair of linear bracteoles at base. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes linear (at least in Chinese species). Corolla 5-divided to base; lobes almost free, linear. Stamens 5; filaments dilated at base, margin densely ciliate. Ovary inferior, 3-locular; style nearly as long as corolla, hairy above; stigma 3-fid, segments linear, recurved. Capsule 3-poricidal above middle, 10-ribbed. Seeds ovoid, ellipsoid, or oblong, sometimes angular.

Thirty-three species: N Africa, temperate Asia, Europe; three species (one endemic) in China.

1Stems hirsute throughout; leaves white hirsute on both surfaces; calyx lobes often recurved after anthesis.3  A. chinense    球果牧根草
+Stems glabrous or sometimes sparsely hirsute only below; leaves glabrous or rarely sparsely hirsute along veins; calyx lobes not recurved(2)
2(1)Style longer than corolla; capsule globose.1  A. japonicum    牧根草
+Style shorter than corolla; capsule obovoid-conical, base acute or acuminate.2  A. fulgens    长果牧根草
   Lower Taxon
  • Asyneuma chinense  D. Y. Hong  球果牧根草
  • Asyneuma fulgens  (Wallich) Briquet  长果牧根草
  • Asyneuma japonicum  (Miquel) Briquet  牧根草