Flora of China
  FOC Vol.6 (2001)              | Family List  Cabombaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   4. Cabombaceae  A. Richard
莼菜科   chun cai ke
Authors:Fu Dezhi; John H. Wiersema


Herbs perennial, aquatic. Stems slender, branched, rhizomatous, repent; internodes at first elongate and apically floating, later erect, foliate, and shortened. Leaves dimorphic. Submersed leaves (Cabomba only), opposite or sometimes whorled, palmately dissected. Floating leaves alternate, peltate, entire. Flowers solitary, axillary from distal nodes, short to long pedunculate, bisexual, hypogynous, actinomorphic, borne at or above water surface; perianth persistent. Sepals 3, separate or nearly so. Petals 3, distinct, alternating with sepals. Stamens 3--36(--51), anthers dehiscent by longitudinal slits. Pistils 3--18, simple, obclavate or ventricose. Ovary 1-loculed; ovules 1--3, pendulous. Styles short. Stigmas capitate or linear-decurrent. Fruit achenelike or folliclelike, coriaceous, indehiscent. Seed endosperm little, perisperm abundant; embryo minute; cotyledons 2, fleshy.

Two genera and six species: tropical and temperate regions; two genera and two species in China.

Kuan Ke-chien. 1979. Nymphaeaceae subfam. Cabomboideae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 27: 5–6.

1Leaves opposite, dissected and submersed, but when flowering also alternate, tiny, peltate, and floating; stamens 3--6; submersed parts without evident mucilage coating1  Cabomba    水盾草属
+Leaves alternate, entire, peltate, floating; stamens 12--36(--51); submersed parts heavily coated with mucilage2  Brasenia    莼菜属
   Lower Taxon
  • Brasenia  Schreber  莼菜属
  • Cabomba  Aublet  水盾草属