Flora of China
  FOC Vol.24 (2000)              | Family List  Amaryllidaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   13. Amaryllidaceae  Jaume Saint Hilaire
石蒜科   shi suan ke
Authors:Ji Zhanhe (吉占和 Tsi Zhan-huo); Alan W. Meerow


Herbs perennial, rarely shrubby or treelike, often with bulbs, corms, rhizomes, or tubers. Leaves basal or cauline, often narrow, margin entire or spiny. Inflorescence a terminal spike, umbel, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, usually subtended by 1 to several spathaceous involucres. Perianth segments 6, in 2 whorls, free or connate to form a short tube, with or without a corona. Stamens 6, inserted at perianth throat or at base of segments; filaments sometimes basally connate; anther dorsifixed or basifixed, mostly introrse. Ovary inferior, 3-loculed; ovules few to many per locule; placentation axile. Style slender; stigma capitate or 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, usually loculicidal, sometimes dehiscing irregularly, rarely a berry. Seeds with endosperm.

More than 100 genera and 1200 species: tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions worldwide; ten genera and 34 species (14 endemic, four introduced) in China.

Qian Xiao-hu, Chen Sing-chi, Hsu Yin, Hu Zhi-bi, Huang Xiu-lan & Fan Quan-jin. 1985. Amaryllidaceae. In: Pei Chien & Ting Chih-tsun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 16(1): 1--42.

1Leaves grooved10  Acanthochlamys    芒苞草属
+Leaves not grooved.(2)
2(1)Leaves fleshy and thick, with a spinelike apex and often with sharp, marginal teeth; perianth tube present; ovary beakless7  Agave    龙舌兰属
+Leaves neither fleshy nor thick, never spiny; perianth tube absent or very short; ovary sometimes narrowly beaked.(3)
3(2)Plants with corms, rhizomes, tubers, or fleshy, fibrous roots; flowering stem leafy or bracteate.(4)
+Plants with bulbs or a bulblike base formed by persistent leaf bases; flowering stem scapose, leafless except for involucre enclosing strictly terminal umbel, sometimes 1-flowered.(6)
4(3)Rootstock a bulblike corm covered with a tunic; perianth white or pale blue6  Ixiolirion    鸢尾蒜属
+Rootstock a tuberous rhizome or corm covered with fibers; perianth yellow (color not recorded for Curculigo sinensis).(5)
5(4)Fruit a berry; inflorescences usually many flowered8  Curculigo    仙茅属
+Fruit a capsule; inflorescences 1- or 2-flowered9  Hypoxis    小金梅草属
6(3)Corona present5  Narcissus    水仙属
+Corona absent.(7)
7(6)Filaments basally connate into a cup or with free scales among them.(8)
+Filaments free, without scales among them.(9)
8(7)Filaments basally connate into a cup3  Pancratium    全能花属
+Filaments with free scales among them4  Lycoris    石蒜属
9(7)Fibers not visible in broken bulbs and leaves; flowers solitary1  Zephyranthes    葱莲属
+Fibers visible in broken bulbs and leaves; flowers several to many2  Crinum    文殊兰属
   Lower Taxon
  • Acanthochlamys  P. C. Kao  芒苞草属
  • Agave  Linnaeus  龙舌兰属
  • Crinum  Linnaeus  文殊兰属
  • Curculigo  Gaertner  仙茅属
  • Hypoxis  Linnaeus  小金梅草属
  • Ixiolirion  Fischer ex Herbert  鸢尾蒜属
  • Lycoris  Herbert  石蒜属
  • Narcissus  Linnaeus  水仙属
  • Pancratium  Linnaeus  全能花属
  • Zephyranthes  Herbert  葱莲属