Flora of China
  FOC Vol.12 (2007)              | Family List  Actinidiaceae  PDF     | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   14. Actinidiaceae  Hutchinson
猕猴桃科   mi hou tao ke
Authors:Li Jianqiang (李建强), Li Xinwei (李新伟); Djaja Djendoel Soejarto


Trees, shrubs, or woody vines. Leaves alternate, simple, shortly or long petiolate, not stipulate. Flowers bisexual or unisexual or plants polygamous or functionally dioecious, usually fascicled, cymose, or paniculate. Sepals (2 or 3 or)5, imbricate, rarely valvate. Petals (4 or)5, sometimes more, imbricate. Stamens 10 to numerous, distinct or adnate to base of petals, hypogynous; anthers 2-celled, versatile, dehiscing by apical pores or longitudinally. Ovary superior, disk absent, locules and carpels 3-5 or more; placentation axile; ovules anatropous with a single integument, 10 or more per locule; styles as many as carpels, distinct or connate (then only one style), generally persistent. Fruit a berry or leathery capsule. Seeds not arillate, with usually large embryos and abundant endosperm.

Three genera and ca. 357 species: Asia and the Americas; three genera (one endemic) and 66 species (52 endemic) in China.

Economically, kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa) is an important fruit, which originated in central China and is especially common along the Yangtze River (well known as yang-tao). Now, it is widely cultivated throughout the world.

For additional information see the paper by X. W. Li, J. Q. Li, and D. D. Soejarto (Acta Phytotax. Sin. 45: 633-660. 2007).

Liang Chou-fen, Chen Yong-chang & Wang Yu-sheng. 1984. Actinidiaceae (excluding Sladenia). In: Feng Kuo-mei, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 49(2): 195-301, 309-334.

1Trees or shrubs; flowers bisexual or plants functionally dioecious.3  Saurauia    水东哥属
+Woody vines; flowers bisexual, plants monoecious or dioecious(2)
2(1)Ovary 15-30-loculed and -styled, styles distinct; fruit a berry without a ridge; seeds numerous; stamens 15-130.1  Actinidia    猕猴桃属
+Ovary 5-loculed and -styled, styles connate; fruit berrylike or a dry leathery capsule, 5-ridged; seeds usually 5; stamens 10.2  Clematoclethra    藤山柳属
   Lower Taxon
  • Actinidia  Lindley  猕猴桃属
  • Clematoclethra  (Franchet) Maximowicz  藤山柳属
  • Saurauia  Willdenow  水东哥属