Flora of China
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   2. Androcorys pugioniformis  (Lindley ex J. D. Hooker) K. Y. Lang Guihaia. 16: 105. 1996.
剑唇兜蕊兰   jian chun dou rui lan

Herminium pugioniforme Lindley ex J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 130. 1890; H. nivale Schlechter; Monorchis pugioniformis (Lindley ex J. D. Hooker) O. Schwarz.


Plants 5.5-18 cm tall. Tuber globose, 6-10 mm in diam. Stem erect or ascending, slender to relatively stout, with 1 or 2 tubular sheaths and 1 leaf at base. Leaf oblanceolate, oblong, narrowly elliptic, or elliptic, 2-4 × 0.4-1.2 cm, apex obtuse or acute. Rachis 0.8-2.5 cm, 3-10-flowered; floral bracts broadly ovate, much shorter than ovary, apex acute. Flowers green; ovary and pedicel 4-5 mm. Dorsal sepal erect, ovate or ovate-orbicular, concave, ca. 1.5 × 1-1.2 mm, 1-veined, entire, apex obtuse; lateral sepals spreading, obliquely obovate to elliptic, 1.7-2.2 × 1-1.2 mm, entire, 1-veined, apex obtuse. Petals obliquely obovate, concave, 1.3-1.5 × 0.5-0.8 mm, 1-veined, entire, apex obtuse or subacute; lip linear-oblong, 1.7-2.5 mm, fleshy, base conspicuously dilated and 0.5-1 mm wide, apex obtuse; connective ca. 0.6 mm wide; viscidia ellipsoid. Fl. Aug-Sep, fr. Sep.

Abies forests, alpine thickets and meadows; 2700-5200 m. E and S Qinghai, NW Sichuan, Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Nepal].