foc
《中国植物志》英文修订版
Flora of China
  FOC Vol.19 (2011)              | Family List  Cucurbitaceae  PDF Trichosanthes  PDF   |  eFloras.org Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   1. Trichosanthes anguina  Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 1008. 1753.
蛇瓜   she gua
  

Trichosanthes cucumerina Linnaeus var. anguina (Linnaeus) Haines.

  

Plants annual. Stems slender, branched, angular, puberulent. Petiole 3-7 cm; leaf blade suborbicular or orbicular-reniform, 8-16 × 6-18 cm, membranous, ± deeply 5(rarely 3-7)-lobed; lobes usually obovate, abaxially densely puberulent, adaxially subglabrous, margin finely denticulate. Plant monoecious. Male raceme usually 8-15-flowered; peduncle 10-18 cm, puberulent; pedicel erect, 5-12 cm, minutely spreading bracteate, bracts 3(-5) mm; calyx tube subcylindric, slightly dilated at apex, 2.5-3 × 4-5 mm, puberulent; segments reflexed, ca. 2 mm. Female flowers solitary; peduncle up to 1 cm; ovary narrowly fusiform, ± villous. Fruit very long, cylindric, 100-200 × 3-4 cm, smooth, sometimes contorted. Seed oblong, 11-17 × 8-10 mm, finely rugulose, margin undulate. Fl. and fr. summer-autumn.

Cultivated in China [cultivated throughout the tropics].

The fruit is eaten as vegetable. The roots and seeds are used medicinally for treating diarrhea.

The fruit is eaten as vegetable. The roots and seeds are used medicinally for treating diarrhea.