Flora of China
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   3. Patrinia intermedia  (Hornemann) Roemer & Schultes Syst. Veg. 3: 90. 1818.
中败酱   zhong bai jiang

Fedia intermedia Hornemann, Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 48. 1813.


Herbs, perennial, 10-40(-55) cm tall. Taproot to ca. 20 cm, to ca. 2 cm in diam., fleshy; caudex stout, multiple branched. Stems 10-55 cm tall, scaberulose. Basal leaves rosulate; petiole 1-10 cm; cauline leaves in 2-4 pairs, sessile or shortly petiolate; blade oblong to elliptic, ca. 10 × 5.5 cm, pinnatisect or bipinnatisect; segments suborbicular or linear to linear-lanceolate, scaberulose or glabrescent, apex obtuse or acute; lower segments crenulate, upper segments entire. Inflorescence corymbiform-paniculiform, ca. 12 cm in diam.; lateral branches in 4-6 pairs, hispidulous; involucral bracts similar to upper cauline leaves, subsessile, to 10 cm; upper bracts smaller, pinnatifid or undivided. Calyx crateriform; lobes inconspicuous. Corolla yellow, campanulate; tube ca. 2 mm, ca. 2.2 mm in diam. above; lobes elliptic, oblong, or ovate, 2-3 × 1.5-2.5 mm. Stamens 4; longer filaments 3.3-3.6 mm, shorter filaments 2.5-2.7 mm; anthers oblong, ca. 1.2 mm. Ovary oblong, 1.5-2.5 mm; style ca. 2.5 mm; stigma peltate or capitate, 0.5-0.7 mm in diam. Achenes oblong, 3.5-4.5 mm; pedicel 1-1.5 mm; bracteoles ovate, ovate-oblong, or elliptic-oblong, 6-8.5 × 4.5-5.5 mm, 3-veined. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 22.

Forest margins, meadows, steppes, thickets; 1000-3000 m. Xinjiang (Altay, Pamir, Tian Shan) [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia (Siberia)].