Flora of China
  FOC Vol.19 (2011)              | Family List  Cucurbitaceae  PDF Solena  PDF   | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   33. Solena  Loureiro Fl. Cochinch. 2: 477, 514. 1790.
茅瓜属   mao gua shu
Authors:Authors: Anmin Lu & Charles Jeffrey


Herbs, scandent, perennial. Roots tuberous. Stem and branches slender, subglabrous. Tendrils simple, glabrous. Petiole very short or almost obsolete; leaf blade polymorphic, very variable, base cordate or hastate. Plants dioecious or monoecious. Male flowers in umbelliform or cymose inflorescence; calyx tube campanulate; segments 5, ± subulate; corolla yellow or yellow-white; segments triangular; stamens 3, two 2-celled, one 1-celled; filaments short; anthers oblong; anther cells conduplicate or curved. Female flowers solitary; ovary oblong; ovules few, horizontal; staminodes 3. Fruit oblong or ovoid, indehiscent. Seeds few, globose.

Three species: S and SE Asia; one species in China.

   Lower Taxon
  • Solena heterophylla  Loureiro  茅瓜
  • Solena heterophylla subsp. heterophylla    茅瓜(原亚种)
  • Solena heterophylla subsp. napaulensis  (Seringe) W. J. de Wilde & Duyfjes  西藏茅瓜