Flora of China
  FOC Vol.19 (2011)              | Family List  Goodeniaceae  PDF Scaevola  PDF   | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   1. Scaevola  Linnaeus Mant. Pl. 2: 145. 1771.
草海桐属   cao hai tong shu

Lobelia Miller (1754), not Linnaeus (1753).


Shrubs or small trees [or herbs]. Leaves alternate and spirally arranged, or opposite. Flowers in axillary cymes, or solitary and axillary; bracts opposite; bracteoles opposite. Calyx epigynous; tube adnate to ovary; limb cupular, short, 5-dentate or 5-lobed. Corolla zygomorphic, posterior side longitudinally divided to near base; lobes 5, subequal in size. Ovary 2-locular; each locule with 1 upright ovule on axile placenta [or 1-locular, with 1 or 2 ovules also on axile placenta]; stigma 2-cleft. Drupe often fleshy; endocarp hard; each locule with 1 seed.

About 80 species: pantropical but mainly in Australia; two species in China.

1Flowers in an inflorescence; leaf blade spatulate to obovate, 10-22 × 4-8 cm.1  S. taccada    草海桐
+Flowers solitary, axillary; leaf blade linear-spatulate, 1-2.5 × 0.2-0.5 cm.2  S. hainanensis    小草海桐
   Lower Taxon
  • Scaevola hainanensis  Hance  小草海桐
  • Scaevola taccada  (Gaertner) Roxburgh  草海桐