Flora of China
  FOC Vol.8 (2001)              | Family List  Brassicaceae  PDF Phaeonychium  PDF   | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   45. Phaeonychium  O. E. Schulz
藏芥属   zang jie shu

Parryopsis Botschantzev; Wakilia Gilli; Vvedenskyella Botschantzev.


Herbs perennial, with well-developed caudex. Trichomes dendritic, forked, submalpighiaceous, or almost exclusively simple. Stems erect or ascending, simple or branched. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate, simple, entire, coarsely dentate, or lyrate, with persistent petioles. Cauline leaves absent, if present sessile or shortly petiolate, entire. Racemes few to many flowered, ebracteate or rarely lowermost flowers bracteate, elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels slender, suberect or divaricate. Sepals ovate or oblong, persistent or caducous, base of lateral pair not saccate. Petals pink or violet, rarely white with purplish claws, obovate, apex obtuse or emarginate; claw subequaling sepals. Stamens 6, tetradynamous; filaments dilated at base; anthers ovate or oblong, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands confluent and subtending bases of all stamens; median glands present; lateral glands often annular. Ovules 10-18 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques or silicles, linear, oblong, ovoid, lanceolate, or ellipsoid, terete or latiseptate, sessile or shortly stipitate; valves with a distinct midvein, smooth or torulose; replum rounded; septum complete, membranous, translucent; style obsolete to 2.5 mm, persistent; stigma capitate, entire or rarely 2-lobed, Seeds uniseriate, wingless, oblong, plump; seed coat reticulate, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons incumbent.

Seven species: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, Kashmir, Nepal, Tajikistan; six species (three endemic) in China.

1Flowering stems leafy; lowermost flowers bracteate.(2)
+Flowering stems leafless; flowers ebracteate.(4)
2(1)Leaves lyrate or coarsely dentate; trichomes on stems, pedicels, and fruit submalpighiaceous3  P. fengii    冯氏藏芥
+Leaves entire or rarely subapically 1-3-toothed; trichomes on stems, pedicels and fruit simple or dendritic.(3)
3(2)Petals white; trichomes branched; petiole of basal leaves 1-5 mm, slender, not persistent; young fruit linear; anthers 0.5-0.6 mm2  P. albiflorum    白花藏芥
+Petals lavender or purple; trichomes simple; petiole of basal leaves (7-)10-30(-40) mm, broadly expanded at base, persistent; fruit ovoid or oblong; anthers 1-1.2 mm5  P. villosum    柔毛藏芥
4(1)Sepals, distal leaf margin, and petiole with subsetose simple trichomes; fruit lanceolate, 2.5-4 mm wide; sepals soon caducous6  P. kashgaricum    喀什藏芥
+Plants tomentose throughout with dendritic, forked, and simple nonsetose trichomes; fruit linear, to 2 mm wide; sepals persistent.(5)
5(4)Leaves green, with simple and forked, crisped, flattened trichomes, oldest leaves (7-)10-25 mm wide; fruit straight, replum not constricted between seeds4  P. jafrii    杰氏藏芥
+Leaves canescent, exclusively with dendritic, slender trichomes, oldest leaves 1-4 mm wide; fruit subcontorted, replum constricted between seeds1  P. parryoides    藏芥
   Lower Taxon
  • Phaeonychium parryoides  (Kurz ex J. D. Hooker & T. Anderson) O. E. Schulz  藏芥
  • Phaeonychium albiflorum  (T. Anderson) Jafri  白花藏芥
  • Phaeonychium fengii  Al-Shehbaz  冯氏藏芥
  • Phaeonychium jafrii  Al-Shehbaz  杰氏藏芥
  • Phaeonychium villosum  (Maximowicz) Al-Shehbaz  柔毛藏芥
  • Phaeonychium kashgaricum  (Botschantzev) Al-Shehbaz  喀什藏芥