Flora of China
  FOC Vol.8 (2001)              | Family List  Brassicaceae  PDF Parrya  PDF   | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   70. Parrya  R. Brown
条果芥属   tiao guo jie shu

Achoriphragma Soják; Neuroloma Andrzejowski ex de Candolle.


Herbs perennial, with well-developed caudex, rarely subshrubs or shrubs. Trichomes simple or absent, multicellular glands present or absent. Stems leafy or leafless. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate, simple, entire, dentate, or pinnately dissected. Cauline leaves similar to basal, often absent. Racemes ebracteate, elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels erect, ascending, or divaricate. Sepals linear or oblong, caducous, erect, unequal, base of lateral pair saccate, margin membranous. Petals purple, pink, or white; blade obovate, apex rounded or emarginate; claw subequaling or longer than sepals. Stamens 6, tetradynamous; filaments dilated or not at base; anthers oblong or linear, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands 2, lateral, annular to semiannular; median glands absent. Ovules 10-50 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques, linear, oblong, or lanceolate, strongly latiseptate or rarely subterete or 4-angled, sessile or subsessile, persistently attached to pedicel, unsegmented; valves leathery, with a prominent midvein and obscure to distinct lateral and marginal veins, smooth or torulose; replum almost always flattened; septum complete, membranous or thickened, translucent or opaque; style distinct, 0.5-7 mm; stigma conical or cylindric, 2-lobed, lobes prominent, connate, decurrent. Seeds uniseriate, often broadly winged, suborbicular or oblong, strongly flattened; seed coat smooth, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent.

About 25 species: C Asia, Himalayas, two species in North America; four species in China.

1Fruit with terete replum concealed by thickened valve margin; plants eglandular, hirsute with subsetose straight trichomes; flowering stems mostly with 1 or few leaves4  P. beketovii    天山条果芥
+Fruit with visible, strongly flattened replum, valve margin not thickened; plants glandular or eglandular, glabrous or pubescent with soft, often crisped trichomes; flowering stems leafless.(2)
2(1)At least some leaves pinnatifid or pinnatisect; fruit 2-2.5(-3) mm wide; style (1.5-)2.5-6 mm; seeds broadly oblong3  P. pinnatifida    羽裂条果芥
+Leaves entire, dentate to dentate-sinuate, rarely subpinnatifid or repand; fruit (3.5-)4-7 mm wide; style 0.5-1.5(-3) mm; seeds orbicular or suborbicular.(3)
3(2)Leaves entire; petals 2.5-3 × 0.8-1.5 cm, apex deeply emarginate; lowermost fruiting pedicels 1-2.5 cm1  P. lancifolia    柳叶条果芥
+Leaves dentate to dentate-sinuate, rarely subpinnatifid or repand; petals (1.4-)1.6-2(-2.2) × 0.6-1 cm, apex rounded or shallowly emarginate; lowermost fruiting pedicels (1.5-)2.2-7(-11) cm2  P. nudicaulis    裸茎条果芥
   Lower Taxon
  • Parrya nudicaulis  (Linnaeus) Regel  裸茎条果芥
  • Parrya pinnatifida  Karelin & Kirilov  羽裂条果芥
  • Parrya lancifolia  Popov  柳叶条果芥
  • Parrya beketovii  Krassnov  天山条果芥