Flora of China
  FOC Vol.8 (2001)              | Family List  Brassicaceae  PDF Megacarpaea  PDF   | Link Font:+ Big | - Small
   16. Megacarpaea  de Candolle
高河菜属   gao he cai shu


Herbs perennial with a caudex terminated by petiolar remains of previous years. Trichomes simple. Stems erect, simple basally, branched apically. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate, simple, pinnately lobed or 1-3-pinnatisect, rarely palmately lobed. Cauline leaves petiolate or sessile, often auriculate or amplexicaul at base, sinuate, pinnately lobed, or pinnatisect. Racemes ebracteate, in panicles, elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels slender or stout, ascending, divaricate, or reflexed. Sepals oblong, deciduous, base of lateral pair not saccate, margin membranous. Petals yellow, creamy white, pink, or deep purple, rarely absent; blade obovate, oblong, oblanceolate, or oblong-linear, entire or rarely 3(-5)-toothed; claw absent or much shorter than sepals. Stamens 6 or (8-)12-16(-24), slightly tetradynamous or equal in length; filaments dilated at base; anthers oblong or linear, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands confluent around bases of all stamens; median glands present. Ovules 2 per ovary. Fruit indehiscent, schizocarpic, didymous, angustiseptate silicles, sessile or shortly stipitate; valves (mericarps) oblong, obovate, or orbicular, 1-seeded, leathery, smooth, broadly winged, keeled, glabrous; replum rounded; septum complete, thickened, opaque, veinless; style obsolete, rarely to 0.5 mm; stigma capitate, entire. Seeds wingless, broadly ovate or subreniform, strongly flattened; seed coat smooth, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent.

Nine species: C Asia, Himalayas; three species in China.

1Fruiting pedicels stout, straight, divaricate or ascending; root napiform, fleshy; deserts2  M. megalocarpa    大果高河菜
+Fruiting pedicels slender, recurved or reflexed; root cylindric, not fleshy; mountains(2)
2(1)Petals pink or deep purple, (5-)7-10(-12) mm, 3(-5)-lobed, rarely entire; stamens 6; fruit halves (0.8-)1-1.2(-1.5) × (0.6-)0.7-0.8(-1) cm; wings 1-2 mm wide; locule 7-12 × 5-8 mm; seeds 4.5-6 × 3-4 mm1  M. delavayi    高河菜
+Petals yellow, 4-6(-7) mm, entire; stamens (8-)12-16(-24); fruit halves 3-4 × 2.5-3 cm; wings 5-10(-18) mm wide; locule 15-2(-28) × 12-17 mm; seeds 14-17 × 7-11 mm3  M. polyandra    多蕊高河菜
   Lower Taxon
  • Megacarpaea delavayi  Franchet  高河菜
  • Megacarpaea megalocarpa  (Fischer ex de Candolle) Schischkin ex B. Fedtschenko  大果高河菜
  • Megacarpaea polyandra  Bentham  多蕊高河菜